Who are at risk of myopia?
The actual cause of myopia is not clearly known. However, genetic as well as environmental factors play a part in the development of myopia. For example, the risk of a person developing myopia is higher if one or both parents have myopia while excessive near work such as reading and watching TV may also contribute to the development of myopia.
Myopia usually develops in children of school-going age and continues to worsen until they reach their early 20s, after which the condition usually stabilises.
Singapore has the highest prevalence of myopia worldwide. 20% of Singapore children are myopic by the time they start their primary education at age 7 and this prevalence increases to more than 80% upon completion of their college education.
Myopia is among Singapore's top 5 national health concerns together with diabetes and cancer. As a further proof to how concerned we are of this condition in Singapore, there is even a national program that focuses on for early detection and slowing down of progression of myopia as well as public education on myopia.
Why Control Myopia?
Myopia is not just about wearing glasses. As myopia increases, the risk of developing other sight-threatening eye conditions increases too. Therefore, by reducing the level of myopia, we hope to reduce the risks of your child developing these conditions:
How do we control myopia?
Additionally, it has been found that spending 1 hour a day in the sun can help reduce the progression of the near-sightedness.