Childhood Myopia


Is your child myopic?

If your child can see near objects clearly but distant objects appear blurry, he/she is most likely to be myopic or short-sighted.


What happens in the eye in myopia?

The length of the eyeball is longer than it should be. As a result, light rays entering the eye focus in front of the retina rather than on it. 


Who are at risk of myopia?

There are many reasons why the eyeball would grow longer than it should and cause myopia. The risk of a child developing myopia is higher if one or both parents have myopia.

Environmental causes such as excessive near work (eg: phones, iPads and reading) contribute an even larger role.

Myopia usually develops in children from age four and continues to worsen until they reach their early 20s, after which the condition usually stabilises.

We start to screen children from four years old as children are more cooperative during the eye test and we are picking up myopia already at that age. From our audit, the speed of increase of myopia is greatest 7-9 years of age.

Singapore has the highest prevalence of myopia worldwide. 30% of Singapore children are myopic at the start of primary school at age 7 and this prevalence increases to more than 80% at age 16.  

Why bother to control Myopia?

Myopia is not just about wearing glasses. Myopia is a disease. As myopia increases, the risk of developing other sight-threatening eye conditions increases too. Therefore, by reducing the level of myopia, we hope to reduce the risks of your child developing these conditions:

Retinal DetachmentGlaucomaCataractsMacular Degeneration
In myopia, the eyeball is elongated longer than usual and this stretches the retina. As the retina thins, it may tear, and in more serious cases, detachment of the retina may occur. This is a medical emergency as this condition can lead to blindness if not promptly treated.
Eye pressure in our eye keeps the shape of the eye. However, severe myopia may cause a rise in eye pressure that when left untreated, can lead to significant loss of vision.
High myopia increases the chance of developing cataracts earlier in life. Cataract reduces vision with the clouding of the natural crystalline lens in the eye.
Macula is the most visually important part of the retina that is responsible for sharp central vision. High myopia may put your child at higher risk of developing macular degeneration, a condition that impairs the central vision.


The Myopia Clinic by Dr Cheryl Lee has been specially set up with a doctor lead team and optometrists to achieve the best myopia control results for your child. We want to see your child's myopia stabilise.

The secret is our team spends undivided time with your child, explaining and discussing myopia. We get your child involved in his eye care. We also have the flexibility of advising the best treatment for your child as we have the widest range of solutions for myopia control. 

Myopia is irreversible and progressive so control it when it is detected at the lowest power to stop it. 
Treatment outweighs the risk. 

What are the treatment options?

- Orthokeratology contact lenses

- MiSight contact lenses

- Atropine eye drops

- Customised myopia control glasses

Good eye care habits and spending 1 hour a day in the sun can help reduce the progression of the near-sightedness.

Click here to book an appointment with us now!

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Home – The EyeClinic by Dr Cheryl Lee

Our centre is also one of the healthcare institutions registered with the Ministry of Social and Family Development (MSF) under the Baby Bonus Scheme.  This means that your savings in the Child Development Account (CDA) may be used to pay for your children's eye check and myopia control program (orthokeratology contact lenses/Atropine Eye drops/Special Spectacle Lenses)!


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